research work on the modern magnetism around 1928, the State Key
Laboratory Magnetism (SKLM) was found in 1990, aimed
at promoting fundamental and applied research for magnetism and
magnetic materials in China. In years of 1995 and 2000, SKLM was
evaluated as very good by the Ministry of Science and Technology
(MOST), China. The director of SKLM is Prof. Zhao-hua Cheng.
the research fields and activities were included spintronics,
nanostructured magnetism, structure and magnetic properties of
rare-earth intermetallic compounds, microstructure, domain structure
of nanocrstalline magnetic materials, magnetic single crystal,
neutron diffraction, hyperfine interaction of magnetic materials and
magnetism theory. SKLM possesses a lot of advanced experimental
facilities for magnetic materials preparation, magnetization
measurements and structural analysis, such as SQUID susceptometer,
magnetron-sputtering system, Mössbauer spectrometers, neutron
diffractometer, x-ray diffractometer, atomic force/magnetic force
microscopes (AFM/MFM). New Advanced experimental facilities, such as
MBE, laser MBE, variable temperature SPM in UHV, Optical Floating
Zone single crystal growth furnace, PPMS from Quantum Design, high
magnetic field Mossbauer spectrometer etc. will setup in one year.
past five years, we have performed a lot of excellent work in the
field of rare earth-transition metal intermetallic compounds, GMR,
TMR and CMR. The members of SKLM won about 10 major scientific
achievements, published more than 500 scientific papers in
International Journals, wrote 2 books and applied for 9 patens. SKLM
has formed long-term and extensive cooperative relationships with
institutions in USA, Europe and Japan and trained a lot of excellent
scientists and engineers in the magnetism.
present, there are 30 research and technical staffs, including 1
Member of the Chinese Academy Sciences, 11 full professors, 11
associated professors and 8 technical staffs in this laboratory.
Among them, 1 professor was awarded QiuShi Prize of Hong Kong; 3
professors were owners of National Science Fund for Distinguished
Young Scholars; 5 scientists were granted by the Hundred Talents
Programs of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Furthermore, about 40
visiting scientists, postdocts and graduate students always work and
study in this Laboratory.
During the Tenth-Five Year Plan period (2001-2006), SKLM will take
charge 1 State Key Project for Fundamental Research (973 Project), 1
State Key Project for High-Tech Research (863 Project), 1 Key
Project of National Sciences Foundation, and 1 Major Knowledge
Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Our research
activities will emphasize in the fields of spintronics,
nanostructured magnetism, fundamental research of novel rare-earth
magnetic materials and the relationship between microscopic magnetic
properties and macroscopic ones to meet the national strategy goals
and the frontier of magnetism and magnetic materials development.